Tying a boat on a roof rack with
- Tie a bowline
on the end of the rope.
- Turn it into a running
bowline around the roof rack crossbar by inserting the free end
through the loop..
- Take the free end of the rope, go around the boat, under the crossbar
on the other side of the boat, then bring the rope back over towards
the near crossbar. Tie the eye forming part of the trucker's
hitch - use an overhand
slip knot, an alpine
butterfly loop, a tucked figure-8 or a directional
figure-8 as shown here. Make sure you leave plenty of room to cinch
the loop closer to the crossbar - it should be near the top of the boat
at this point.
- Go around the crossbar again, back through the eye and cinch tight.
- Finish off the
trucker's hitch with two
- If you have extra or another rope, tie a knot around the roof rack
riser, and a knot through the boat's security loop or handle for insurance.
Secure any extra rope so it won't flutter in the wind.
- Repeat at the other roof rack crossbar.
Knots for commercial ratcheting bow/stern tie
- These tie downs generally come with Thule and Yakima roof rack carriers
for use on recreational or touring kayaks and canoes, and are available
separately from other manufacturers. Assemble bow/stern tie downs per
manufacturer instructions - tie end of rope to the eye of the hook using
(shown) or buntline
hitch. Put other end of rope through ratcheting pulley.
- Connect racheting pulley hook to the bow or stern of the boat, and
the other hook to the car (at bumper, tow loop, or a frame hole), adjusting
the distance between the two with the rachet. Rachet until snug. Take
free end of rope and tie it to the taut side of the rope with Blake's
hitch (shown), a taut-line hitch, or a rolling
hitch (I like Blake's because it seems to hold better when the rope
is slack, so I don't have to tie it every time I bring it out of storage).
If using a Blake's hitch, tie a figure-8
stopper knot in the free end of the rope.
- Slide the Blake's hitch knot until both sides of the rope are taut.
Setting up a Z-drag to
extricate a pinned boat
- Equipment needed:
Prepare the prusik loops ahead of time by tying the double
fisherman's knots in the two small accessory cords.
- Long rope, or throw rope, 1/4" or 3/8" (preferred)
- Two 4mm (preferred) up to 6mm (ideally 1/2 the size of your main
rope), 6' long accessory cords.
- 1" tubular webbing, 12'-15' long
- Two locking carabiners
- Optional: two carabiners, two pulleys (not shown)
Connect the rope to the pinned boat (can use optional carabiner).
Tie a prusik
knot to the rope with one of the loops within a couple of feet of
where the anchor sling will be.
Wrap the 1" tubular webbing around an appropriate anchor and
through the prusik loop (or use an optional carabiner). Tie the ends
of the webbing together with a water
knot to form a sling.
Clip a locking carabiner to the webbing. Clip the rope through the
carabiner and lock it (or through a pulley connected to the carabiner).
Take up the slack in the rope.
Tie another prusik
knot as far out on the rope towards the boat as you can reach.
Clip it to another locking carabiner, then to the rope on the other
side of the first carabiner (or to a pulley connected to the carabiner)
and lock it. This photo shows everything close together, but that is
just for clarity.
The Z-drag gives you a theoretical mechanical advantage of 3:1. Make
sure the main rope you use can handle the force that will be generated.
The 1/4" rope pictured is Spectra. Always keep your PFD and helmet
on to protect you in case any of the rig gives way.
Just for fun
- Decorative knotting for a lanyard in paracord. A great way to keep
an emergency 10' supply of paracord handy. Uses a girth
hitch on the key ring, a diamond knot to form the loop, and cobra
knots and king cobra knots to use up a lot of cord. Directions for
creating it are here.